PUBLICATIONS

Michael E. Brown

Electron Irradiation and Thermal Processing of Mixed-ices of Potential Relevance to Jupiter Trojan Asteroids
A. Mahjoub et al., Astrophys. J., 820, 141, 2016.

Solar System Observations with the James Webb Space Telescope
J. Norwood et al., PASP, 128:025004, 2016

Evidence for a distant giant planet in the outer solar system
K. Batygin and M.E. Brown, AJ, 151, 22, 2016

The color-magnitude distribution of small Jupiter Trojans
I. Wong and M.E. Brown, AJ, 150, 174, 2015.

Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy of Europa: The Distinct Spectrum of Large-scale Chaos
P.D. Fischer, M.E. Brown, and K.P. Hand, AJ, 150, 164, 2015.

An ALMA Constraint on the GSC 6214-210 B Circum-substellar Accretion Disk Mass
B.P. Bowler et al., ApJ, 805L, 17, 2015.

The Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 test of surfaces in the outer solar system: Spectral variation on Kuiper belt objects
W.C. Fraser, M.E. Brown, and F. Glass, Astrophys. J., 804, 31, 2015.

Irradiation products on dwarf planet Makemake
M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, and G.A. Blake, Astron. J., 149, 105, 2015.

A serendipitous all sky survey for bright objects in the outer solar system
M.E. Brown et al., Astron. J., 149, 69, 2015.

The differing magnitude distributions of the two Jupiter trojan color populations
I. Wong, M.E. Brown, and J.P. Emery, 114, 112, 2014.

The 3 micron spectrum of Jupiter's irregular satellite Himalia
M.E. Brown, A.R. Rhoden, Astrophys. J. Letters, 793, 44, 2014.

The absolute magnitude distribution of Kuiper belt objects
Fraser, W.C., Brown, M.E., Morbidelli, A., Parker, A., Batygin, K., Astrophys. J., 782, 100, 2014.

The size and shape of the oblong dwarf planet Haumea
Lockwood, A.C., Brown, M.E., and Stansberry, S., Earth Moon Planets, 111, 127, 2014.

The small numbers of large Kuiper belt objects
M.E. Schwamb, M.E. Brown, and W.C. Fraser, Astronomical Journal, 147, 1, 2014.

The density of mid-sized Kuiper belt object 2002 UX25 and the formation of the dwarf planets
M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J., 778, L34, 2013.

Limit's on Quaoar's atmosphere
Fraser, W.C., et. al, Astrophys. J., 774, L18, 2013.

Kuiper belt occultation predictions
W.C. Fraser, et al., Pub. Astron. Soc. Pacific, 125, 930, 2013.

On the size, shape, and density of dwarf planet Makemake
Brown, M.E., Astrophys. J., 767, L7, 2013.

Keck II observations of the hemispherical difference in H2O2 on Europa
Hand, K.P. and Brown, M.E., Astrophys. J., 766, L21, 2013.

Salts and radiation products on the surface of Europa (download data)
Brown, M.E. and Hand, K.P., A.J., Astronon. J., 145, 110, 2013.

A search for magnesium in Europa's atmosphere
Horst, S.M. and Brown, M.E., Astrophys. J., 764, L28, 2013.

The mass, orbit, and tidal evolution of the Quaoar-Weywot system
Fraser, W.C., Batygin, K., Brown, M.E., and Bouchez, A., Icarus, 222, 357, 2013.

The ices on transneptunian objects and centarurs
de Bergh, C.; Schaller, E. L.; Brown, M. E.; Brunetto, R.; Cruikshank, D. P.; Schmitt, B., in The Science of Solar System Ices. Springer 2012.

The compositions of Kuiper belt objects
Brown, M.E., Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 40, 467, 2012.

Water ice in the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, W.C. Fraser, AJ, 143, 146, 2012.

The Hubble/Wide Field Camera 3 Test of Surfaces in the Outer Solar System: The Composition Classes of the Kuiper Belt
Fraser, W.C. and Brown, M.E., Astrohys. J., 749, 33, 2012.

Polar methane accumulation and rainstorms on Titan from simulations of the methane cycle
Schneider, T., Graves, S.D.B., Schaller, E.L., and Brown, M.E., Nature, 481, 58, 2012.

Reassessing the formation of the inner Oort cloud in an embedded star cluster
Brasser, R., et al., Icarus, 217, 1, 2012.

Instability-driven Dynamical Evolution Model of a Primordially Five-planet Outer Solar System
Batygin, K., Brown, M.E., Betts, H., ApJL, 744, L3, 2012.

A hypothesis for the color diversity of the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, W.C. Fraser, ApJL, 739, L60, 2011.

The surface composition of the large Kuiper belt object 2007 OR10
M.E. Brown, A.J. Burgasser, W.C. Fraser, Astrophys. J., 738, L26, 2011.

Retention of a primordial cold classical Kuiper belt in an instability-driven model of solar system formation
K. Batygin, M.E. Brown, and W.C. Fraser, Astrophys. J., 738, 13-21, 2011.

The luminosity function of the hot and cold Kuiper belt populations
W.C. Fraser, M.E. Brown, M.E. Schwamb, Icarus, 210, 944-955, 2010.

Seasonal changes on Titan
R.D. Lorenz, M.E. Brown, and F.M. Flasar, in Titan from Cassini-Huygens, 353-372, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_14

Properties of the distant Kuiper belt: results from the Palomar distant solar system survey
M.E. Schwamb, M.E. Brown, D.L. Rabinowitz, and D. Ragozzine, Astrophys. J., 720, 1691-1707, 2010.

Early dynamical evolution of the solar system: Pinning down the initial conditions of a Nice model
K. Batygin and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J., 716, 1323-1331, 2010.

The size, density, and formation of the Orcus-Vanth system in the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, D. Ragozzine, J. Stansberry, and W.C. Fraser, Astron. J., 139, 2700, 2010.

Quaoar: a rock in the Kuiper belt
W. Fraser and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J., 714, 1547, 2010.

Clouds on Titan during the Cassini prime mission: a complete analysis of the VIMS dataset
M.E. Brown, J.E. Roberts, E.L. Schaller, Icarus, 205,571, 2010.

Discovery of fog at the south pole of Titan
M.E. Brown, A.L. Smith, C. Chen, and M. Adamkovics, Astrophys. J., 706, L110-L113, 2009.

Storms in the tropics of Titan
E.L. Schaller, H.G. Roe, T. Schneider, and M.E. Brown, Nature, 460, 873-875, 2009.

No sodium in the vapour plumes of Enceladus
N.M. Schneider et al., Nature, 459, 1102-1104, 2009.

Orbits and masses of the satellites of the dwarf planet Haumea = 2003 EL61
D. Ragozzine, M.E. Brown, AJ, 137, 4766, 2009.

NICMOS photometry of the unusual dwarf planet Haumea and its satellites
W.C. Fraser, M.E. Brown, ApJL, 695, L1-3, 2009.

A search for distant solar system bodies in the region of Sedna
M.E. Schwamb, M.E. Brown, D.L. Rabinowitz, ApJL, 694, L45-48, 2009.

Discovery of lake-effect clouds on Titan
M.E. Brown, E. L. Schaller, H. G. Roe, C. Chen, J. Roberts, R. H. Brown, K. H. Baines, and R. N. Clark, Geoophys. Res. Lett., 36, L01103, doi:10.1029/2008GL035964. 2009.

Tentative detection of the rotation of Eris
H.G. Roe, R.E. Pike, and M.E. Brown, Icarus, 198, 459-464, 2008.

Detection of additional members of the 2003 EL61 collisional family via near-infrared spectroscopy
E.L. Schaller and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J., 684, L107-109, 2008.

The largest Kuiper belt objects
M.E. Brown, in The Solar System Beyond Neptune, U. of Arizona Press, 2008.

The Compositional and surface properties of transneptunian objects and Centaurs
M.A. Barucci, M.E. Brown, J.P. Emery, and F. Merlin, in The Solar System Beyond Neptune, U. of Arizona Press, 2008.

Physical properties of Kuiper belt and Centaur objects: Constraints from the Spitzer Space Telescope
J. Stansberry, W. Grundy, M. Brown, D. Cruikshank, J. Spencer, D. Trilling, J.-L. Margot, in The Solar System Beyond Neptune, U. of Arizona Press, 2008.

Detection of methane on Kuiper belt object (50000) Quaoar
E.L. Schaller and M.E. Brown, Ap.J., 684, L107-109, 2008.

Near infrared spectra of Centaurs and Kuiper belt objects
K.M. Barkume, M.E. Brown, and E.L. Schaller, Astron. J., 135, 55-67, 2008.

Candidate members and age estimate of the family of Kuiper belt object 2003 EL61
D. Ragozzine, M.E. Brown, Astron. J., 134, 2160-2167, 2007.

The mass of dwarf planet Eris
M.E. Brown and E.L. Schaller, Science, 316. 1585, 2007.

A collisional family of icy objects in the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, K.M. Barkume, D.Ragozinne, E.L. Schaller, Nature, 446, 294, 2007.

Volatile loss and retention on Kuiper belt objects
E.L. Schaller and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J. 659, L61, 2007.

Interpretation of the near-IR spectra of the Kuiper Belt Object (136472) 2005 FY9
Eluszkiewicz, J., K. Cady-Pereira, M. E. Brown, and J. A. Stansberry, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E06003, 2007.

Methane and ethane on the bright Kuiper belt object 2005 FY9
M.E. Brown, K.M. Barkume, G.A. Blake, E.L. Schaller, D.L. Rabinowitz, H.G. Roe, C.A. Trujillo, Astron. J. 133, 284, 2007.

The surface of 2003 EL61 in the near infrared
C.A. Trujillo, M.E. Brown, K.M. Barkume, E.L. Schaller, D.L. Rabinowitz, Astron. J. 655, 1172, 2007.

Dissipation of Titan's South Polar Clouds
E.L. Schaller, M.E. Brown, H.G. Roe, A.H. Bouchez, and C.A. Trujillo, Icarus 184, 517, 2006.

Planetesimals to brown dwarfs: What is a planet?
G. Basri and M.E. Brown, Ann. Rev. Earth and Planet. Sci., 34, 193, 2006.

Direct measurement of the size of 2003 UB313 from the Hubble Space Telescope
M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, H.G. Roe, D.L. Rabinowitz, C.A. Trujillo, Astrophys. J. Lett., 643, L61, 2006.

A large cloud outburst at Titan's south pole
E.L. Schaller, M.E. Brown, H.G. Roe, A.H. Bouchez, Icarus, 182, 224, 2006.

Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS observations of T dwarfs: Brown dwarf multiplicity and new probes of the L/T transition
A.J. Burgasser, et al. ApJS, 166, 585, 2006.

Water ice on the satellite of Kuiper belt object 2003 EL61
K.M. Barkume, M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, Astrophys. J. Lett, in press, 2006.

Photometric observations constraining the size, shape, and albedo of 2003 EL61, a rapidly-rotating, Pluto-sized object in the Kuiper belt
D.L. Rabinowitz, K. Barkume, M.E. Brown, H. Roe, M. Schwartz, S. Tourtellotte, C. Trujillo, Astrophys. J., 639, 1238, 2006.

Satellites of the largest Kuiper belt objects
M.E. Brown et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 639, L43, 2006.

Titan imagery with Keck adaptive optics during and after the probe entryy
I. de Pater et al., J. Geophys. Res., 111, Art No. E07S05, 2006.

Overview of the coordinated ground-based observations of Titan during the Huygens mission
Witasse et al., J. Geophys. Res., 111, Art No. E07S01, 2006.

Discovery of a planetary-sized object in the scattered Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, C.A. Trujillo, and D.L. Rabinowitz, Astrophys. J. Lett., 635, L97, 2005.

Geographic Control of Titan's Mid-Latitude Clouds
H.G. Roe, M.E. Brown, E.L. Schaller, A.H. Bouchez, and C.A. Trujillo, Science, 310, 477, 2005.

A 5-micron bright spot on Titan: Evidence for surface diversity
J.W. Barnes, et al., Science, 310, 92, 2005.

Keck Observatory laser guide star adaptive optics discovery and characterization of a satellite to large Kuiper belt object 2003 EL61
M.E. Brown et al., Astrophys. J. Let., 632, L45, 2005.

Near-Infrared Surface Properties of the Two Intrinsically Brightest Minor Planets: (90377) Sedna and (90482) Orcus
C.A. Trujillo, M.E. Brown, D.L. Rabinowitz, and T.R. Geballe, Astrophys. J., 627, 1057, 2005.

No oceans on Titan from the absence of a near-infrared specular reflection
R.A. West, M.E. Brown, S.V. Salinas, A.H. Bouchez, and H.G. Roe, Nature, 436, 670, 2005.

Statistics of Titan's south polar tropospheric clouds
A.H. Bouchez and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J. Let., 618, L53, 2005.

Discovery of temperate latitude clouds on Titan
H.G. Roe, A.H. Bouchez, C.A. Trujillo, E.L. Schaller, and M.E. Brown Astrophys. J. Let., 618, L49, 2005.

Discovery of a candidate inner Oort cloud planetoid
M.E. Brown, C.A. Trujillo, and D. Rabinowitz, Astrophys. J., 617, 645, 2004.

A new 1.6 micron map of Titan's surface
H.G. Roe, et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, Art. No. L17S03, 2004.

The size distribution of trans-Neptunian bodies
G.M. Bernstein, D.E. Trilling, R.L. Allen, M.E. Brown, M. Holman, R. Malhotra, Astron. J., 128, 1364-1390, 2004.

Direct measurement of the size of the large Kuiper belt object (50000) Quaoar
M.E. Brown and C.A. Trujillo, Astron. J., 127, 2413-2417, 2004.

The Kuiper belt and the primordial evolution of the Solar System
A. Morbidelli and M.E. Brown, to appear in Comets II, 2004.

The plane of the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown and M. Pan, Astron. J., 127, 2418-2423, 2004.

The Caltech wide-area survey
C.A. Trujillo and M.E. Brown, Earth Moon and Planets, 92, 99-112, 2003.

The Kuiper belt and its primordial scultping
A. Morbidelli, M.E. Brown, H.F. Levison, Earth, Moon, and Planets, 92, 1-27, 2003

Photometric variability at the L/T dwarf boundary
M. Enoch, M.E. Brown, and A.J. Burgasser, Astron. J, 126, 1006-1016, 2003.

A low-denisty M-type asteroid in the main belt
J.L. Margot and M.E. Brown, Science, 300, 1939-1942, 2003.

Binarity in brown dwarfs: T dwarf binaries discovered with the Hubble Space Telescope wide field planetary camera 2
A.J. Burgasser, J.D. Kirkpatrick, I.N. Reid, M.E. Brown, C.L. Miskey, and J.E> Gizis, Astrophys. J., 586, 512-526, 2003.

Direct detection of variable tropospheric clouds near Titan's south pole
M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, and C.A. Griffith, Nature, 420, 795-797, 2002.

Long-term dynamics and the orbital inclination of the classical Kuiper belt objects
M.J. Kuchner, M.E. Brown, and M. Holman Astronom. J., 124, 1221-1230, 2002.

Europa's sodium atmosphere: an ocean source?
F. Leblanc, R.E. Johnson, and M.E. Brown, Icarus, 159, 132-144, 2002.

A correlation between color and inclination in the classical Kuiper belt
C.A. Trujillo and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J. , 566, L125-L128, 2002.

Pluto and Charon: formation, seasons, composition
M.E. Brown, Ann. Rev. Earth Plan. Sci., 30, 307-345, 2002.

The Spectra of T Dwarfs I: Near-Infrared Data and Spectral Classification
A.J. Burgasser, J.D. Kirkpatrick, M.E. Brown, et al. Astrphys. J., 564, 421-451, 2002.

Mutual Event Observations of Io's Sodium Corona
M.H. Burger, N.M. Schneider, I. de Pater, M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, L.M. Trafton, Y. Sheffer, E.S. Barker, and A. Mallama , Astron. J., 563, 1063-1074, 2001.

The radial distribution of the Kuiper belt
C.A. Trujillo, and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J., 554, L95-L98, 2001.

Potassium in Europa's atmosphere
M.E. Brown, Icarus, 151, 190-195, 2001.

The inclination distribution of the Kuiper belt
M.E. Brown, Astron. J., 121, 2804-2814, 2001.

Observations of ultracool white dwarfs
B.R. Oppenheimer et al., Astrophys. J., 550, 448-456, 2001.

Eclipse spectroscopy of Io's atmosphere
A.H. Bouchez, M.E. Brown, and N.M. Schneider, Icarus, 148, 316-319, 2000.

Near-infrared spectroscopy of the bright Kuiper belt object 2000 EB173
M.E. Brown, G.A. Blake, and J.D. Kessler, Astrophys. J. Let., 543, 163-165, 2000.

Discovery of a Bright Field Methane (T-Type) Brown Dwarf by 2MASS
A.J. Burgasser et al., Astron. J., 120, 1100-1105, 2000.

Detection of H alpha emission in a methane (T-type) brown dwarf
A.J. Burgasser, J.D. Kirkpatrick, I.N. Reid, J. Liebert, J.E. Gizis, and M.E. Brown, Astron. J., 120, 473-478, 2000.

Thermal infrared spectroscopy of Europa and Callisto
F.P. Mills and M.E. Brown, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 15051-15059, 2000.

A search for exozodiacal dust and faint companions near Sirius, Procyon, and Altair with the NICMOS coronagraph
M.J. Kuchner and M.E. Brown, Pub. Astron. Soc. Pacific, 112, 827-832, 2000.

Discovery of a brown dwarf companion to Gleise 570ABC: A 2MASS T dwarf significantly cooler than Gleise 229B
A.J. Burgasser, et al., Astrophys. J. Lett, 531, 57-60, 2000.

Discovery of crystalline water and ammonia ices on Pluto's satellite Charon
M.E. Brown and W.M. Calvin, Science, 287, 107-109, 2000.

Near-infrared spectrscopy of Centaurs and irregular satellites
M.E. Brown, Astron. J., 119, 977-983, 2000.

A Search for Resonant Structures in the Zodiacal Cloud with COBE DIRBE: The Mars Wake and Jupiter's Trojan Clouds
M.J. Kuchner, W.T. Reach, and M.E. Brown, Icarus, 145, 44-52, 2000.

Imaging the Haro 6-10 infrared companion
C.D. Koresko, G.A. Blake, M.E. Brown, A.I. Sargent, and D.W. Koerner, Astrophys. J. Lett., 525, 49-52, 1999.

Discovery of 4 Methane (T-type) Dwarfs with 2MASS
A.J. Burgasser, J.D. Kirkpatrick, M.E. Brown, I.N. Reid, et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 522, 65-68, 1999.

Keck pencil-beam survey for faint Kuiper belt objects
E.I. Chiang and M.E. Brown, Astron. J., 118, 1411-1422, 1999.

Observations of ion pile-up in comets Hyakutake and Hale-Bopp
A.H. Bouchez, M.E. Brown, H. Spinrad, and A. Misch, Icarus, 137, 62-68, 1999.

Detection of water ice on Nereid
M.E. Brown, C.D. Koresko, and G.A. Blake, Astrophys. J. Lett., 508, 175-176. 1998.

An 11.7 micron Keck search for exo-zodiacal dust
M.J. Kuchner, M.E. Brown, and C.D. Koresko, Pub. Astron. Soc. Pacific, 110, 1336-1341, 1998.

Keck speckle imaging of the white dwarf G29-38: No brown dwarf companion detected
M.J. Kuchner, C.D. Koresko, and M.E. Brown, Astrophys. J. Lett., 508, 81-83, 1998.

The photometric growth of 2 Shoemaker-Levy-9 impact sites on Jupiter
C. Manning, H. Spinrad, M.E. Brown, R.L. Newburn, and D. Schlegel, Astronom. J., 116, 972-980, 1998.

Velocities and sources of sodium in Hale-Bopp
M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, H. Spinrad, and A. Misch, Icarus, 134, 228-234, 1998.

Detection of water ice on the Centaur 1997 CU 26
M.E. Brown and C.D. Koresko, Astrophys. J. Let., 505, L67-L67, 1998.

High resolution spectroscopy and imaging of hydrogen Lyman-alpha in comet Hyakutake (1996 B2) with the Hubble Space Telescope
M.R. Combi, M.E. Brown, P.D. Feldman, H.U. Keller, R.R. Meier, and W.H. Smyth, Astrophys. J., 494, 816-821, 1998.

The response of Jupiter's magnetosphere to an outburst on Io
M.E. Brown and A.H. Bouchez, Science, 278, 268-271, 1997.

An analysis of the statistics of the HST Kuiper Belt object search
M.E. Brown, S.R. Kulkarni, and T.E. Liggett, Ap. J. Lett., 490, 119-122, 1997.

High-resolution spectroscopy of the A-X and B-X system of CH in comet Austin (1990-V)
S.J. Kim, M.E. Brown, and H. Spinrad, J. Geomag. Geoelect., 49, 1165-1177, 1997.

Evidence for a short cooling time in Io plasma torus
M. Volwerk, M.E. Brown, A.J. Dessler, and B.R. Sandel, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1147-1150, 1997.

A search for a sodium atmosphere around Ganymede
M.E. Brown, Icarus, 126, 236-238, 1997.

A high-resolution catalogue of cometary emission lines
M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, H. Spinrad, and C.M. Johns-Krull, Astron.J., 112, 1197-1202, 1996.

Discovery of an extended sodium atmosphere around Europa
M.E. Brown and R.E. Hill, Nature, 380, 229-231, 1996.

Evidence for an Io plasma torus influence on high-latitude Jovian radio emission
M.L. Kaiser, M.D. Desch, and M.E. Brown, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 13-18, 1996.

Periodicities in the Io plasma torus
M.E. Brown, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21683-21695, 1995.

Non-detection of the OH Meinel system in comet P/Swift-Tuttle
M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, H. Spinrad, C.M. Johns, Astron. and Astrophys., 301, L1-L4, 1995.

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9: No effect on the Io plasma torus
M.E. Brown, E.J. Moyer, A.H. Bouchez, H. Spinrad, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1833-1835, 1995.

The fragment-R collision: W.M. Keck Telescope observations of SL9
J.R. Graham, I. de Pater, J.G. Jernigan, M.C. Liu, and M.E. Brown, Science, 267, 1320-1323, 1995.

The ``Type Ic'' supernova 1994I in M51: Detection of helium and spectral evolution
A.V. Filippenko et. al, Ap. J. Lett., 450, L11-L15, 1995.

Observations of mass loading in the Io plasma torus
M.E. Brown, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1047-1050, 1994.

Kinematics of the ion tail of comet P/Swift-Tuttle
H. Spinrad, M.E. Brown, and C.M. Johns, Astron. J. 108, 1462-1470, 1994.

The velocity distribution of cometary hydrogen: Evidence for high velocities?
M.E. Brown and H. Spinrad, Icarus, 104, 197-205, 1993.

Observations of the plasma flow in comet P/Swift-Tuttle
M.E. Brown, C.M. Johns, and H. Spinrad, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1003-1006, 1993.

The Shane Wirtanen counts: Observability of the galaxy correlation function
M.E. Brown and E. Groth, Ap. J. 388, 605-617, 1989.

The local extragalactic field, the local mean mass density, and biased galaxy formation
M.E. Brown and P.J.E. Peebles, Ap. J., 317, 588-592, 1987.