**Thursday, November 19**. Counting statistical limits to precision; analog-to-digital conversion; data communications

Alex’s lecture notes

(no slides this week)

Peterson and Hayes (1978) Signal-to-noise ratios in mass spectroscopic ion-current-measurement systems.

Santrock, Studley and Hayes (1985) Isotopic analyses based on the mass spectrum of carbon dioxide.

Ricci, Merrit, Freeman and Hayes (1994) Acquisition and processing of data for isotope-ratio-monitoring mass spectrometry.

John and Adkins (2010) Analysis of dissolved iron isotopes in seawater.

Cheat Sheet for converting readout voltage, ion current, count rate, and limiting precision.